Websites and digital tools must get designed and deployed that people with impairments can easily access them. A disability is an any physical or mental condition that makes it difficult for a person to do particular activities.
In terms of Web accessibility, four categories of disability have recognized. These are some of them:
Requirements that accessibility addresses:
The internet contains information in several media, including pictures, video, audio, animation, and text. Users’ preferences for videos and podcasts have shifted in recent years, making our digital content experiences both visual and audio. However, certain people have unique aural demands, and it’s critical to consider those needs while building Web accessibility.
Mental and cognitive requirements
While sight and hearing get addressed, this is the group with the most computer users. There are two types of cognitive disabilities: functional and clinical. The activities that influence an individual’s day-to-day existence are the focus of functional disorders.
Here are a few examples:
Lack of focus
Issues with comprehension
Mobility and motor skills requirements
Mobility limitations can take many different forms and can be temporary or permanent. A fracture, for example, may prevent you from using your wrist or hand for a few days. Long periods of typing can cause discomfort and cramping, making it challenging to operate digital gadgets. The limited movement caused by arthritis and age makes it difficult to type on a keyboard or use a mouse. With age or trauma, some people lose motor coordination abilities and muscular control, making it difficult to use digital gadgets.
Needs for seizure and epilepsy
Photosensitive epilepsy is a common seizure disease. Flashing lights, pictures, and repeated patterns can all cause photosensitive seizures. Video footage in online computer games may contain potentially dangerous flashing, colors, or high-contrast patterns, all of which can cause seizures.
Prevent Blindness America estimates that 53.2 million Americans aged 45 and up have some visual impairment. We may divide visual demands into two categories to better understand online accessibility guidelines. Other than blindness, “low vision” refers to visual impairments.